Medications and Drugs

Talk to your healthcare providers before starting or stopping any medicines.

Are you pregnant or thinking of getting pregnant? Be sure to discuss the following with your healthcare providers:

  • All medicines you take, including prescriptions, over-the-counter medicines, herbal and dietary supplements, and vitamins
  • Best ways to keep any health conditions you have under control
  • Your personal goals and preferences for the health of you and your baby

Prescription medications, over-the-counter medications, herbal products and illegal street drugs such as marijuana, heroin and cocaine can cause serious problems for your developing baby. After birth, drugs can be passed to your baby through breastfeeding. Always ask your provider before you take any new medications or supplements during your pregnancy.

Get the Facts on Drugs

Learn more about the following drugs and the risks associated for expecting moms and their babies:

Benzodiazepines are medications that have been used to treat anxiety, sleeplessness, seizures, muscle spasms, and alcohol withdrawal. Use of these medications before and during pregnancy and while breastfeeding should be discussed with a physician. Get the Facts »

Cocaine is a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system that can be inhaled, injected or smoked. Cocaine may increase the risk of miscarriage and birth defects. Get the Facts » 

Methamphetamines are sometimes prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and should not be used without a prescription or at doses higher than prescribed. Get the Facts »

Marijuana, also called pot, weed, or cannabis, is a drug that comes from the hemp plant. In women, long-term use of marijuana may affect the menstrual cycle and lead to a reduction in hormones involved in reproduction and fertility. Get the Facts »

Safe Medications

The following list of medications are generally over-the-counter and safe to take while pregnant. If you have any questions about medications not listed, please consult your healthcare provider.

Headache, Backache, Muscular Pain, Fever  Tylenol or extra-strength Tylenol
Cough, Congestion Mucinex, Robitussin
Cold, Sinus Sudafed, Tylenol Sinus, saline nasal spray
Allergies Benadryl, Claritin, Zyrtec
Nausea Emetrol
Constipation Metamucil, milk of magnesia or Colace; increase water and fiber intake
Heartburn Maalox, Pepcid, Rolaids, Tums
Yeast Infection Monistat-3 or Monistat-7
Hemorrhoids Anusol-HC, Preparation H
Diarrhea Immodium AD

Full List

For a full list of medications, herbs and drugs and FAQs about exposure during pregnancy and breastfeeding, read more information:

  • Woman hand on tummy in cyan shirt.

    Knowledge is Power

    Woman’s has information and resources you need for your pregnancy and childbirth experience.

Struggling with substance misuse?

The GRACE Program provides nonjudgmental, compassionate care coordination to those struggling with opioid, alcohol and tobacco misuse/addiction in pregnancy.