Common Surgeries at Woman's
Woman's Personal Surgery Coordinator
Appendectomy is the removal of your appendix using a laparoscope or a standard open technique. The appendix is a small, hallow pouch attached to your large intestine. Fecal matter, inflammation or an obstruction can block the opening of the appendix, leading to a dangerous bacterial infection called appendicitis. An inflamed appendix can rupture and spread infection inside your abdominal cavity. If you have appendicitis, your doctor will perform an appendectomy.
Cholecystectomy (Gallbladder removal) is the surgical removal of a diseased or damaged gallbladder. The damage is typically caused by infection or inflammation. This is often due to gallstones, which are crystals of bile that can form in the gallbladder. Sometimes, these get stuck in the ducts that bile normally flows through. This blockage in the ducts can damage the gallbladder and the liver. This procedure is most often done as a laparoscopic surgery, but in some cases, the surgeon may switch to open surgery.
Colorectal Resection is a surgery to remove a section of the large intestine, also called the colon. It is done to remove injured or diseased parts of the colon. The operation may be done either using a laparoscope or a standard open technique.
This surgery is performed to treat a variety of conditions, including the following:
- Colorectal cancer
- Diverticular disease — small pouches form in the wall of the colon
- Inflammatory intestinal diseases, such as colitis, Crohn's disease
- Intestinal blockage
- Trauma to the intestine
- Precancerous polyps, especially those seen in familial polyposis
- A hole in the wall of the colon, or a dead piece of intestine
- Bleeding from the colon
Fundoplication (Treatment for GERD) is surgery to wrap the upper stomach around the lower esophagus. It reduces the amount of acid that enters the esophagus from the stomach. This procedure is most often done as a laparoscopic surgery, but in some cases, the surgeon may switch to open surgery.
The surgery is most often done for the following reasons:
- Eliminate gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms that are not relieved by medication
- Reduce acid reflux that is contributing to asthma symptoms
- Repair a hiatal hernia, which may be responsible for making GERD symptoms worse
- Reduction of serious, long-term complications resulting from too much acid in the esophagus
Hernia Repair is a surgery to push the abdominal material back where it belongs and to repair the abdominal wall. A hernia forms when your abdominal wall weakens, bulges or tears. The inner lining of the abdomen and small intestine can poke out of this weakened area.
Hysterectomy is the surgical term for the removal of the uterus (womb). This results in the inability to become pregnant. Depending on your condition and the type of hysterectomy you need, this surgery can be performed as a laparoscopic, robot-assisted laparoscopic, single-site or open surgery.
There are different types of hysterectomies:
- Supracervical hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus only
- Total hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus and cervix (the opening of the uterus leading to the vagina)
- Radical hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, upper part of the vagina, and the pelvic lymph nodes
Tubal Ligation is done to prevent pregnancy. Fallopian tubes are tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus. A tubal ligation is a sterilization procedure to close the tubes. If you have this surgery, you will still ovulate and menstruate. The cut or blocked tubes keep the egg and sperm separated. When the egg and sperm cannot meet, fertilization does not happen and pregnancy cannot occur. This surgery is not recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure. Make sure you consider all the birth control options for you and your partner. This procedure is most often done as a laparoscopic surgery.