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Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also called insulin dependent diabetes, means your pancreas does not produce insulin. It occurs when the pancreas can no longer make insulin because of injury due to genetic or environmental factors, such as viruses.  Type 1 diabetes occurs most often in children and young adults. The only way to treat type 1 is by insulin injections. A good diet and regular exercise are also important in controlling your blood sugar.

Symptoms of type 1 include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Increased urination
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Feeling tired

Type 2 Diabetes
Also called non-insulin dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Of the people who have diabetes, 90 percent have type 2.

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas cannot keep up with the sugar in your diet. The insulin that is being produced does not function correctly.  Usually this happens because the pancreas cannot work well during periods of stress. Illness, poor diet and exercise habits and certain medications can also affect the ability of your pancreas to produce insulin. Another complication is that your liver may be producing too much sugar since your insulin is not working correctly.

People with type 2 diabetes tend to be over the age of 40 and overweight. There may also be a family history of type 2 diabetes. Also, we are now seeing teenagers with this type of diabetes.

A good meal plan and regular exercise are necessary parts of treatment. Sometimes you may need pills or insulin injections to keep good control of your blood sugar.

Symptoms of type 2 include:

  • Feeling tired
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased urination
  • Increased infections
  • Tingling or numbness in hands or feet

For more information, please consult your doctor or call our Diabetes Center at 225-924-8550.